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Monday, August 7, 2023

By Shannon Lam- Legal 

Assistant at SILMÉXICO

As part of our consultancy services, at SILMÉXICO we are constantly reviewing and signing documents with our clients. One of these documents that is common in our day-to-day is called a Letter of Intent. A letter of intent, or an LOI, is a formal letter that outlines an agreement between two parties in a commitment to do business together. Depending on the jurisdiction and the particular situation in which they are employed, letters of intent (LOIs) may be subject to different laws.

  1. Preliminary agreement: LOIs are a way for parties who want to engage in future commercial negotiations or transactions to establish a preliminary agreement. They serve as a starting point for subsequent negotiations and help to make sure that each party has a written comprehensive overview of the terms and conditions. The prospective agreement’s key provisions are described in a LOI. It might contain information about the nature of the task, the cost, the terms of payment, the deadlines, the deliverables, and other essential elements of the deal. An LOI helps prevent misunderstandings by outlining these key parameters up front and offers a basis for negotiation.
    1. Details of purchase and sale– location, price, deposit, etc. 
  2. Commitment: Signing a LOI demonstrates the parties’ commitment to and seriousness in pursuing a potential business transaction. It demonstrates a readiness to negotiate and take the deal forward, strengthening the relationship between the parties.
    1. Financial penalties
  3. Negotiation guide: LOIs serve as a guide for later discussions, directing the negotiation process. The parties can concentrate on the last-minute terms and conditions because they serve as a structured beginning point for conversations. This shortens the negotiation process and saves time by highlighting and resolving crucial concerns at the beginning.
  4. Obtaining funding/attracting investment: In some circumstances, Letters of intent (LOIs) can be used to get money or entice investment. An LOI, which outlines the proposed terms of investment and the anticipated benefits, could be presented to potential investors by a company seeking investment, for instance. This could spark attention and start other conversations.
  5. Due diligence: LOIs may include clauses allowing for a period of due diligence, during which the parties may obtain and assess data regarding one another’s enterprises. This makes it possible to evaluate the transaction’s viability, risks, and potential rewards in greater detail before moving through with a final agreement.
  6. Creating a timeline: LOIs frequently specify a deadline by which the parties want to reach a binding agreement. This timetable guarantees that negotiations go swiftly and fosters a sense of urgency. Additionally, it enables both parties to schedule their tasks and distribute their resources appropriately.

Confidentiality: LOIs may have clauses requiring confidentiality or exclusivity throughout the negotiation process. These clauses can safeguard confidential information and stop the parties from negotiating with multiple prospective partners at once, enabling more concentrated and private conversations.

Overall, LOIs are a convenient tool in business, helping to facilitate initial agreements, establishing the ground for discussion, and giving the transaction process structure and clarity. However, it’s imperative to realize that letters of intent are frequently non-binding and subject to further discussion and the signing of a formal contract. 

For this, and more information about real estate processes, please contact us through any of our communication channels:, 951-127-1380. Or visit us at any of our offices in the state of Oaxaca.

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