When a foreigner wants to acquire a Mexican property in the restricted zone, there are two mechanisms they can use.

First of all, it is necessary to clarify what the restricted zone is, well, according to the 27 Article of the Mexican Constitution, it is all the land located 100 kilometers from any national border and 50 kilometers from any ocean, so it means, properties on the coastal border. 

As mentioned above, there are two ways of acquiring these kinds of properties, the constitution of a Mexican corporation, and a trust.  

A Mexican corporation: as of 1995, foreigners can own, operate and manage Mexican companies, however, some restrictions remain on the activities in which a Mexican company can participate when foreigners are involved, such as mining, airports, and telecommunications; however the general rule is 100% participation. There are no investment restrictions on foreign-owned companies intended to purchase and develop the property. Mexican corporations require a minimum of two associates or shareholders. Both shareholders can be foreigners and it is not necessary to have a Mexican partner.

Now, let’s focus on the trust, it is about a three-part contract whereby the seller (the settlor) irrevocably transfers to a real estate bank (trustee) so that a third party (beneficiary) can use and enjoy such property. 

Under Mexican law, only an authorized Mexican banking institution can be a trustee. The bank acquires title to the real property and is obligated to allow the beneficiary to use and enjoy the property as he/ she sees fit (as long as the way in which he does so is legal). If the beneficiaries wish to rent the property to third parties, they can do so by obtaining the necessary authorizations. The beneficiaries also have the right to sell the property at any time to receive the proceeds from the sale. 

The bank cannot encumber or sell the property without the express written consent of the beneficiary.

It is important to mention that Mexican law requires that all real estate transactions be carried out by a notary public. The notary is obliged to register in his books the deed of transfer of title, have signed it by the parties involved, and registered it in the Public Registry of Property that corresponds to the location of the property. Once the deed of transfer of title has been signed in the presence of a notary public and registered with the Public Registry of  Property, the real estate transaction has complied with the requirements of Mexican law. 

At SILMÉXICO our specialized legal team is in charge of carrying out all the processes in the acquisition of properties in and out of the restricted area.  

Contact us and ask for our consultancy services at www.silmexicooaxaca.com 

Written by Jessica Hernández 

Real Estate Advisor.


Are you thinking about selling or renting your property? This article is of interest to you.  

At SILMÉXICO, we offer a huge range of services, including commercializing properties. Whenever we explain to our clients our process, we like to make them feel sure their property is in the best hands and we will do our best and beyond to promote it.  

It is important to mention that the market in Oaxaca has areas of higher capital gain, for instance, the center is one of the most demanded areas, especially for foreigners who look for properties of more traditional or non-modern style. However, precisely due to this high demand, there is a scarcity of properties there, nowadays, there is only one unique development called “La Merced”, a complex of 7 condos located in the heart of Oaxaca City, of which, 4 are already sold.

Continuing with the city, Reforma neighborhood and San Felipe are also on the top of the list, these are residential areas, due to their proximity to the historic center and the numerous amenities around them, these are preferential areas too. In this zone, houses are more modern and luxurious, and their style goes according to the atmosphere of the place since this is characterized by its different fashion shops, restaurants, and malls, in other words, this is the fanciest zone of the city.

Paseo Santa lucía cuenta con más de 50 locales comerciales destinados a distintos giros, entre las marcas ya confirmadas se encuentran Italian Coffee, Acreimex, Wing Box, Navarro Panadería y Pastelería, Vino y Vinyl, Hierba Santa, Ópticas América, Sushi Cat, Il Forno Da Simone, York Pub, Creepy Burguer, El Mercader de Oriente, Parrilla Andina, Beisbolmania, Peak a Boo y Schmuck. 

For those who enjoy more the tranquility and silence offered by places close to nature, and away from the hustle and bustle of the city, San Andrés Huayapam and Tlalixtac de Cabrera are the perfect ones. These two are towns close to each other, and only 25 minutes from the city center. These communities are the favorite ones of foreigners who want to live in Oaxaca, since these towns still preserve their traditions, as most of the towns in the state, but what calls the attention and is interesting for locals and foreigners, is that, although Huayapam and Tlalixtac are just some minutes away, their cultures stay intact. Houses here keep the perfect balance between architecture and nature, most of them have rooftops where people can enjoy memorable sunsets with gorgeous mountains view.

Another important area of our clients is, of course, the coast of Oaxaca, where most of the retired and digital nomads lean towards oceanfront and sea-view houses, there, is a variety of stunning properties that, even if they are immersed in nature, they do not disrupt its flora and fauna, which is the main interest of real estate developments nowadays.

At SILMÉXICO, we have had great success in the sale and rental of properties in these mentioned areas, having approximately, 2 sales closings and 4 rentals per month. We achieve our monthly goals by focusing on quality service and on timely follow-up. Whenever we list a new property, we promote it through all possible channels, our vital tool is our website, from which we get most of our leads. In addition, we accompany you throughout the sales process with legal advice. We always make sure all of the parties involved in the sales process are benefited, and that our clients feel satisfied with their investments.

The process? Easy, first of all, we provide the clients with a list of documents that we need just to verify everything is good with the property, once our legal team gives us the green light, we proceed with the commercialization contract, once it is signed, we continue with the commercialization of the property through all of our platforms and tools, and finally, when there is a buyer or a leaseholder we help you with all the consultancy until the closing of the sale or rental.  

Come with us to market your house, commercial local, or land. We are the number 1 real estate agency in Oaxaca.


Jessica Hernández


En la Ciudad de Oaxaca está próximo a inaugurarse el que ya ha sido nombrado el más auténtico e innovador centro comercial de la misma. Así es, Paseo Santa Lucía, localizado en Carr. Internacional 802, en la Agencia Municipal Sta Maria Ixcotel, es un nuevo concepto en plazas comerciales que se está construyendo muy cerca del centro histórico de la ciudad. 

El nombre de Paseo Santa Lucía fue inspirado precisamente por su ubicación, ya que este conecta con dos calles, la cual es la carretera internacional y la calle de Niño Perdido. Este centro comercial se distingue por su diseño abierto, el cual mezcla materiales que lo hacen único, tales como su estructura de acero, la cual soporta 4 niveles con mas de 5,000 metros cuadrados comerciales, acabados y decoraciones en madera, así como sus pasillos rodeados de vegetación. 

Su mayor atractivo es su diseño abierto, el cual surge luego de la pandemia con una necesidad de darle a la población lugares para convivir en donde el flujo de aire sea mayor, pero sin dejar de lado la elegancia y modernidad.

La plaza se compone de 3 niveles: planta baja, primer piso y roof garden, además de su estacionamiento subtearráneo. En la planta baja podrás encontrar locales de giros variados, así como 2 cafeterías. En el primer piso se ubican también locales restaurantes, por su parte en el roof garden, se ubican el área para niños, food court, un bar y terrazas.  Como podrás darte cuenta, los espacios de PSL fueron ideados para que todos y cada uno de los miembros de la familia disfrutaran de ellos, y al decir todos, nos referimos también a nuestros fieles compañeros, así es, las mascotas son bienvenidas en Paseo Santa Lucía, pues sabemos el rol que juegan en nuestras vidas, y la importancia que tiene que cada vez existan más lugares donde también ellas puedan disfrutar con nosotros. 

Paseo Santa lucía cuenta con más de 50 locales comerciales destinados a distintos giros, entre las marcas ya confirmadas se encuentran Italian Coffee, Acreimex, Wing Box, Navarro Panadería y Pastelería, Vino y Vinyl, Hierba Santa, Ópticas América, Sushi Cat, Il Forno Da Simone, York Pub, Creepy Burguer, El Mercader de Oriente, Parrilla Andina, Beisbolmania, Peak a Boo y Schmuck. 

Te preguntarás, ¿cuál es la marca ancla de PSL?, pues bien, cuenta con negocios ancla como bancos, restaurantes y otro giros exclusivos que atraen grandes cantidades de personas, pero este centro comercial no quiere depender de estos prestigiosos negocios y apuesta a su estrategia orgánica que es su “Gran terraza comercial” de más de 1900 m2 siendo la única en un centro comercial en Oaxaca y que, gracias a su diseño se puede disfrutar de unas vistas increíbles a las montañas y a la ciudad de Oaxaca.

Si tú quieres expandir tu negocio, Paseo Santa Lucía es tu mejor opción, pues su ubicación la convierte en un punto importante en el flujo de personas. Recuerda que aún hay locales disponibles, ya sea para renta o para venta. 

Es importante mencionar que a la fecha, la construcción lleva ya un avance del 93%, lo cual significa que en poco tiempo podremos disfrutar de todo lo que este nuevo atractivo ofrece a la población Oaxaqueña. 

No olvides visitar la página web https://paseosantalucia.com.mx/, puedes contactarnos para agendar una visita a la construcción y visualizar tu idea de negocio en este innovador desarrollo comercial. 


Jessica Hernández


In a previous article, we talked about a New development in the heart of Oaxaca City: “La Merced”, a complex of 7 apartments ideal for those who love being close to the most tourist attractions of the Verde Antequera. Living in downtown is a privilege since you have quick access to many restaurants, museums, art galleries, and cultural activities, in addition, as it is a middle point, other tourist attractions are 30 to 40 from it. That is why, this time I will present you 8 pristine places close to Oaxaca downtown you can visit and know more about its culture. 

Monte Albán 


This is the most famous archeological zone in Oaxaca, it was one of the most important cities in Mesoamerica. It was founded in 500 BC, n the top of a mountain in the center of the Central Valleys of Oaxaca, and functioned as the capital of the Zapotecs from the beginning of our era until 800 AD.C. At its moment of greatest development, Monte Albán came to have about 35,000 inhabitants, who lived mostly on the terraced slopes of the mountain, dedicated to agriculture. 

This site keeps vestiges of what this culture was, there is a museum in which different jewelry, pots, and other antique Zapotec objects can be admired. 

This emblematic cultural treasure was declared by UNESCO, together with the Historic Center of the City of Oaxaca as Cultural Heritage of Humanity on December 11, 1987. It is located 8 kilometers to the west of the City, and it is only 2 minutes by car from downtown. 



Following on the line of the archeological places. here is Mitla, also the house of the Zapotecs. It is a place where the stone was worked as jewelry, and the Zapotecs showed its devotions to the dead. In all of this, the imprint of the skills of this indigenous group and their prodigious world, born 18 centuries ago, can be observed. 

Among the buildings that composed the site, the Hall of Columns stands out, inside which a row of such architectural elements, carved in a single piece of stone, fulfilled the function of supporting and decorating. 

After the fall of Monte Albán, it gained great importance, reaching its apogee around the year 1200, and retained preeminence in the Tlacolula Valley until the Spanish Conquest. 

Mitla is located 40 minutes from downtown, in the place can be also found handcrafts stores and traditional ice creams.


Before getting to Mitla, it is Tlacolula de Matamoros. It is distinguished by its handcrafts, its gastronomy, and part of the archeological zone that belongs to Mitla too; its tianguis (street market) is an ancestral tradition that comes alive every Sunday, it is important to mention that this market was on of the pioneers of the prehispanic era. 

The temples of the towns tell us about their culture, traditions, and festivities, of course, the 17 th century temple of The Assumption is not the exception.

Talking about gastronomy, when you visit this place you can not leave without tasting a hot chocolate with delicious “Pan de cazuela”, and of course its “barbacoa”. 

it is also 40 minutes by car, approximately, from Oaxaca downtown. 

Santiago Matatlán, The World Capital of Mezcal 

As its name suggests, it is about a town where the ancestral beverage Mezcal is produced. As you may already know, this alcoholic drink is obtained from the “maguey”, there are in the world around 210 species of this plant, and we are really proud to say that Oaxaca has 120 of them. Santiago matlán was named The World Capital of Mezcal due to the quantity of Palenques (traditional places where the mezcal is produced with handmade processes) that can be found in it. You can visit them and observe the ancestral techniques to make the Mezcal, the process goes from the cooking of maguey “pineapples”, to their grinding, fermentation, and distillation. 

If you visit the community, do not forget to buy some Mezcal bottles, you will contribute to the economy of locals, who are completely dependent on the production and sale of this product. 

Hierve el Agua

It is a system of petrified waterfalls, formed by calcium carbonate. The waterfalls where naturally originated thousands of years ago from the runoff of water with high mineral content. The place is located about 70 kilometers from Oaxaca City, in the town of San Isidro Roaguía, Municipality of San Lorenzo Albarradas, near Mitla. The natural puddles with turquoise waters perfectly contrast with the mountains view. 

Did you know there is only one similar place to Hierve el Agua in the world? As you read it, there are only 2 petrified waterfalls in the world, the second ones are located in Turkey. 


La Cumbre Ixtepeji 

This community has great natural wealth in its ancient forest of pines and oaks, likewise natural landscapes of exceptional beauty, but above all in the enthusiasm, personal treatment, hospitality, and great respect for the environment that the inhabitants have.  

There is an ecotouristic park, where you will find cabins in the middle of the forest, so a perfect place to connect with the tranquility it offers, you can practice hiking, mountain biking, and of course, stare at the flora and fauna of the place. 

It will take you from Oaxaca city only one hour by car to get to this natural sanctuary. 


San Bartolo Coyotepec 

It is only 15 kilometers from Oaxaca City, it was also a Zapotec settlement and it is a town dedicated to the elaboration of barro negro (black mud) pieces, it is its main attraction. 

You will find in it a market where locals sell pots, handcrafts, different pieces of barro negro, and musical instruments, among other things. 

It is important to mention that the pieces that the artisans create in this town are unique in the world as well as the ancestral techniques they use to mold the barro negro

It is an easy access place, since there is public transportation that can take you there, and by car, it will take you only 35 minutes. 


San Martin Tilcajete and San Antonio Arrazola 


We could not leave out in this list the towns where the famous alebrijes are created. The alebrijes are figures cut in wood, and they are painted with an original and curious design. They are imaginary creatures formed with animal parts and brilliant colors.  

It is important to mention that the alebrije is a handmade item because it is unique and cannot be repeated in a mold, since if it were, it would no longer be considered a craft as such within the group called alebrijes. The craftsman shapes his work and what he adds to it step by step determines its value.


San Martin Tilcajete is only 53 minutes (approximately) from Oaxaca City, meanwhile, Arrazola is only 26 minutes away. You will find in both towns artisans dedicated to the creation of this beautiful art. 


Enjoy and admire the landscapes, gastronomy, and hospitality of Oaxaca. Whenever you visit any of its places, we hope you spend memorable days, take unique pictures, and remember to support artisans by acquiring its pieces of art, likewise tasting the local food. 





By Jessica Hernández. 


Oaxaca City is surrounded by different picturesque and original towns that, despite their proximity to the City, still preserve their traditions and original antique buildings. Such is the case of Tlalixtac de Cabrera, a community nestled at the side of the Sierra Juárez mountains. 

It is located only 27 minutes from Oaxaca downtown, its name means “Tierra Blanca” (white land”, and it was founded by the Zapotec town in the XII century, so it is one of the oldest towns in Oaxaca. it is about a big village in which can be still seen houses made of adobe. Its traditions and colonial style give it its originality and beauty. A traditional market can be found, and there is also, of course, a big church that contributes to the colonial atmosphere of the place. 

A curious fact is that the renowned painter from New Spain Miguel Cabrera was a native of this municipality. 

Surrounded by mountain views, this town is a house for locals and also foreigners, who love its style and tranquility.

If you are looking for properties in a quiet location and close to nature, Tlalixtac is the perfect one for you. Fall in love with its culture, lifestyle, and people, spend your days watching sunsets from the comfort of your property, and entertain yourself by watching through your window animals as horses and donkeys walking by the streets. 

Here we present you gorgeous 4 properties located in this astonishing locality:


Wait no longer and contact us to arrange appointments and visit these properties,  encourage yourself to live in one of the most authentic places of Oaxaca. 

By Jessica Hernández. 


Today our beautiful city is celebrating, both locals and foreigners are commemorating the 491st anniversary of the Green Antequera. A day like today but in the year 1532, it was granted the title of City by King Carlos I of Spain and V of Germany. In a statement, it was reported that at that time, the City of Antequera was the third in New Spain to receive the category and title of “very noble and loyal”, a designation with which it is considered one of the first three Mexican cities in receive said distinction, after Mexico City and Puebla de Los Ángeles. At the beginning of the 16th century, the towns (today neighborhoods and agencies) of Xochimilco and Jalatlaco were founded. Starting in the second half of the 16th century, the economic and political conditions of the Valley changed notably. Antequera began a first period of continuous growth. It was transformed from a small, internally agriculturally oriented town into a sizable export trading center. Over the years, the advances were more and more, the construction activity intensified with the construction of temples and other buildings that we can observe today.

Over the years, the city has been called in different ways and has undergone some changes, without losing its essence and colonial architecture, likewise, its traditions, gastronomy, and the warmth of its people distinguish it, making it one of the preferred destinations for tourists. Therefore, it is not a surprise to anyone that more and more people choose Oaxaca as their place to live or as an investment option.

The City of Oaxaca is synonymous with history, art, and tradition, when you visit it do not hesitate to taste its typical dishes and take the best photographs in any of its different architectural jewels such as churches, museums, or old house facades that still stand, as well as admire and acquire unique pieces made by Oaxacan artisans.

Written by Jessica Hernández.


It is well known that in recent years the state of Oaxaca has experienced significant economic development. This progress has been due to numerous factors that have played in its favor, its culture, traditions, gastronomy, and the hundreds of wonderful tourist destinations that this place offers to locals and foreigners. For their part, the corresponding government institutions have also played an important role, creating programs and activities whose purpose is to promote the state and place it among the favorite tourist destinations, as well as investment in infrastructure that facilitates the arrival of tourists even to the most difficult to access places.

Such is the case of the construction of the new highway to Puerto Escondido. At the beginning of the first quarter of 2022, the state government announced the reactivation of the construction of the Oaxaca-Puerto Escondido highway. At the beginning of the year 2023, it was announced that there was already a green light to start with its conclusion. As of today, the president of the nation Andrés Manuel López Obrador announced that the inauguration of this project will take place in July of this year.

Its opening represents a great opportunity for the economic development of the entire region of the Oaxacan coast since its main advantage is that it will shorten the time from the city of Oaxaca to Puerto Escondido from 6 hours and a half to just 2 hours and a half, which will promote tourism and economic development, and will reduce the transportation costs of those who visit the area. The creation of more roads is a necessity and a trigger for many industries, which is why this new access road is about to make history by improving mobility in the state of Oaxaca, and in general facilitating transfers in the south of the country, thus giving rise to more and more companies and investors betting on Oaxacan lands for their financial movements. This without neglecting the recognition and enhancement that the communities of the region will have, since this highway represents a window towards the promotion of their cultures, in addition to this, it will allow better access to health and education services, since the municipalities will have greater connectivity with the city and other locations.

The real estate sector will also benefit from the Barranca Larga-Ventanilla highway, since the more and better access roads, both local and foreign tourists will reach the main destinations on the coast more easily and quickly, such as Huatulco and Puerto Escondido, where a tourist boom and an economic recovery can currently be observed after the ravages that the pandemic brought with it, directly affecting hotels and other hosting service providers.

In short, both locals and foreigners are about to experience a historic change in our state that still has a lot to show the world. Starting in July of this year, a difference will be made in the future of the region.

Written by Jessica Hernandez.


If you are visiting the city or are about to do so, there are countless places that we would like to recommend, this time it is the turn of La Merced, one of the neighborhoods of our beautiful city. La Merced belongs to the historic center of the city of Oaxaca. Like each neighborhood around it, this one also has its own history and charm. Let’s talk about it.

This site owes its name to the temple that is there, which dates from the early seventeenth century, it is known that the first construction was demolished by tremors. Throughout its history, it has been demolished and rebuilt on different occasions, until now the colony’s highest representative. In the month of November, the celebration of the Virgin of La Merced takes place. It should be noted that this colonial jewel was named a historical monument in December 1933.

In this emblematic place, you can also find its market that receives the same name, it was finished in 1909 and inaugurated in 1910, currently as in its previous years, you can find dining rooms with typical dishes of the state, as well as fruit and vegetable stalls. vegetables, the traditional yellow bread is also sold, among many other foods for the taste of locals and foreigners.

In the surroundings of this neighborhood, you can also visit restaurants and cafes served by the locals, one of them is “Marito & Moglie”, which we recommend you visit during your stay in the city. La Merced is a quiet area close to the best sites in the historic center of Oaxaca. In the same way, you can find just 3 blocks from the Textile Museum of Oaxaca and the San Pablo Cultural Center, both places full of tranquility and art. Also, very close to La Merced is the General Pantheon, which is dressed in cempasúchil flowers, candles, and merriment in the celebration of the Day of the Dead on November 1 and 2. Within these nearby places, we cannot leave out the Casa de la Cultura Oaxaca, which is an institution in charge of the promotion and dissemination of artistic and cultural expressions in Mexico.

Currently, in this neighborhood, a development of 7 apartments, meticulously designed for the comfort of its inhabitants, is under construction. “La Merced” has been designed for those who seek to live in the heart of Oaxaca and be in direct contact with its culture and its people. Living in one of these apartments will allow you to see the daily life of Oaxacans up close and become part of their community. You will also enjoy its art galleries and different museums in the area and many more activities to include in your routine.

The time to acquire your dream apartment in one of the best tourist destinations and the gastronomic capital of Mexico is now.

For more information about the development, contact info@silmexico.com.


By Jessica Hernández


The April holidays have already arrived and we are here to remind you and always recommend the best places in Oaxaca to visit. At this time of the year, many people opt for beach destinations such as Huatulco and Puerto Escondido, or the city. However, if you prefer a quieter and remote place from the hustle and bustle, let us tell you about the magical towns in our beautiful state. 

But, wait, you may be wondering what a magical town is, well, the Secretary of Tourism of Mexico defines it as a place with symbols and legends, populated with a history that in many cases has been the scene of important events for our country, they are places that show the national identity in each of its corners, with a magic that emanates from its attractions; visiting them is an opportunity to discover the charm of Mexico (SECTUR, 2020). 

It is important to mention that this program was created by this government institution to contribute to the revaluation of these places that have a lot to share with locals and tourists.

At this moment, 5 towns of Oaxaca have obtained this title, they are: 

Huatla de Jimenez: 

It was incorporated into the Magical Towns Program in 2015. The word “Huautla” comes from the Nahuatl word and means “place of eagles”. 

The main attraction of this locality is the mysticism that surrounds it since it is known by the priestess Maria Sabina and its knowledge about fungi. In addition, this town offers gorgeous views, you can find there scenarios that invite you to meditation and exploration, likewise its mountains, waterfalls, and local food. 

Capulalpam de Mendez 

It is a magical town since 2007, you can find there everything from beautiful colonial temples to perfect places for climbing, taking quiet walks, and observing the coniferous forests of the Sierra de Juárez.​ In the artisan workshops of Capulálpam, you will witness the rich tradition of indigenous medicine: the attributes of medicinal plants, their preparation processes, and practical application.​ 

San Pablo Villa de Mitla 

This town has the title of magical town since 2015. Its name comes from the Nahuatl word “Mictlan”, which means “resting place”.  It is known because of its archeological zone, which is considered the second most important ceremonial center of Oaxaca. Its indigenous roots and colonial heritage fuse together and create the unique culture of the place. 


This gorgeous coastal town joined the category in 2015 too. Mazunte owes its name to a blue crab, very numerous in the area. Its beach belonging has an extension of one kilometer of golden sand, bathed by warm and crystalline waters, with beautiful green and blue tones. In this lovely sanctuary, you will find the Mexican Center of the Turtle, which is an aquarium and a research institution in charge of the preservation of the turtles that live in Mexico. This paradise is an ecologic destination by excellence. 


San Pedro and San Pablo Teposcolula

The most attractive site of this colonial town is the former convent of the same name as the town, its open chapel is considered the biggest one in Latin America. On the hill of Pueblo Viejo are the remains of one of the most important Mixtec chiefdoms of the Postclassic. Its cobbled streets and the kindness of the people will definitely make you fall in love with this place. Another must-see is the House of the Cacica, it is a palace that dates back to 1560 and served as the residence of the last Mixtec queen of the Teposcolula domain. The property stands out in the historical panorama of America for being one of the few buildings in the hemisphere in which a clear transition from indigenous construction traditions to techniques brought by Europeans can be seen. 

Whichever place you choose to visit these days, we hope you enjoy the amazing treasures Oaxaca has to show you. Either beach, city, or town, we assure you your stay will be unforgettable. Remember Oaxaca awaits you with delicious food, peerless scenes, and the sympathy and hospitality that characterize its people. 




By Jessica Hernández


In a previous article, we explained the different construction services that we offer at SilMexico if your purpose is to carry out a development project. Among them was mentioned the EIM; Environmental Impact Manifestation. Next, we will tell you what it consists of and its importance. 

As human beings, we are used to innovating and to do changes in our surroundings, which should be always thought of as not affecting or affecting as little as possible the environment and its living things such as animals, plants, and the people who live there. That is why, with the purpose of preserving the most possible natural resources, in Mexico, the PROFEPA, which is the Federal Attorney for Environmental Protection has created mechanisms to regulate the activities done by man and their impact on the environment.

In Mexico, the General Law of Ecological Balance and Environmental Protection (LGEEPA) DEFINES ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT as the “modification of the environment caused by the action of man and nature”. To estimate the modifications to the environment caused by infrastructure projects, there is an instrument called Environmental Impact Assessment, through which the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) evaluates the impact that works or construction will have on the environment (GOB.MX, 2019). 

The EIM is a tool of the environmental policy whose object is to prevent, decrease and restore the affectations on the environment, as well as the regulation of works or activities to avoid or reduce the negative effects on the natural environment and on the humans’ health. 

It consists of a technical and scientific study that indicates the effects that a work or activity can generate on nature and points out the preventive measures that could minimize the negative effects produced by the execution of developments. This study allows evaluation of environmental feasibility for the execution, manufacturing, commercial, or service investment projects. 

It details the condition of the place prior to the start of the project in order to have a comparison of what was the impact or changes that occurred on the environment after carrying out the construction, and likewise, proposes strategies to reduce or prevent damage already caused or possible future alterations. 

The EIM should be presented to the SEMARNAT for its evaluation and authorization. Once authorized, the PROFEPA will be in charge of verifying that the established terms and conditions are accomplished. 

That is the reason why, every time it is necessary to carry out projects that are kind to the environment, a key step in human evolution is sustainable construction and development. 


GOB.MX, Procuraduría Federal de Protección al Medio Ambiente (2019) ¿Qué es la Manifestación de Impacto ambiental (MIA)? https://www.gob.mx/profepa/articulos/manifestacion-de-impacto-ambiental-mia#:~:text=11)-,%C2%BFQu%C3%A9%20es%20la%20Manifestaci%C3%B3n%20de%20Impacto%20Ambiental%20(MIA)%3F,y%20en%20la%20salud%20humana.